Wednesday, April 13, 2016

[런닝맨] Using ~네(요) ending || 야 너 연기 잘하네 - Wow, you are good at acting


Watch & Listen to the pronunciation :



야 너 연기 잘하네 
ya neo yongi jalhane

~네(요) = a surprise expression. 
adj/verb + 네(요) is used when you suddenly realize about something or you just received any information that you didn't know before.

  • 이 라면 맛있네(요) = Wow, this noodle is delicious. (you didn't expect the noodle will be that delicious)
  • 오늘 춥네(요) = Today is cold. ( you thought today will not that cold)
  • 기분 나쁘네(요) = My feeling is bad.  (when someone rude to you, you can say this sentence to him/her)

Root Verbs Meaning
 연기하다  Act
 잘하다  Good at

  • 연기 + 잘하 + 네 = 연기 잘하네 
  • 잘하 + 네요 = 잘하네요*
*요 = formal, to talk to older people

Vocabulary
Korean  English Indonesian
 이야 (야~)  surprise expression  ekspresi kaget
 너  You  Kamu
 연기  Acting  Akting



The story :

Saturday, April 9, 2016

[무한도전] Using ~본 적이 없다/있다 || 나는 스카이다이빙을 해본 적이 없어요 - I've never tried skydiving

Watch & Listen to the pronunciation:

[Learning purpose] 무한도전 475회
[무한도전] 나는 스카이다이빙을 해본적이 없어요
Posted by Konglindo on Sunday, April 10, 2016



나는 스카이다이빙을 해본 적이 없어요
naneun seukhaidaibingeul haebonjeok-i eobseoyo


~본 적이 없다/있다 = have/has (never) tried
Verb + 아/어본 적이 없다
Verb + 아/어본 적이 있다

  • 나는 스키 타본 적이 없어요 = I've never played ski.
  • 남동생은 후주에 가본 적이 있어요 = My brother has been to Australia.
  • 나는 두리안 먹어본 적이 있어요 = I've tried to eat durian.

Root Verb Meaning
 하다  to do
  • 하 + 어본 적이 없다  = 해본 적이 없다

Korean English
 나  I / Me
 스카이다이빙  Sky diving



--- Learn KOREAN ALPHABETS here ---

Friday, April 8, 2016

UNIT 단위 | Satuan


unit 단위

Unit in the Korean language is required when counting the number of objects or people. These kind of units are only used with Native Korean numbers.

Unit Kind of object Indonesia
 사람 / 명  People  Orang
 분  People  Orang
 마리  Animal  Hewan
 개  Unit / Pcs  Unit / Buah
 대  Machine / Vehicle  Mesin / Mobil
 시  o'clock / hour  Pukul
 시간  Hour  Jam
 달  Month  Bulan
 살  Age  Umur
 번  Time  Kali
 잔  Cup  Cangkir / Gelas
 병  Bottle  Botol
 가지  Kind  Jenis
 장  Sheet  Lembar
 권  Book  Buku
 벌  Cloth  Pakaian
 쌍  Pair  Pasang
 채  House / Building  Rumah / Gedung
 다발  Bundle  Ikat
 송이  Flower  Bunga
 해  Year  Tahun
 군데  Place  Tempat
 그루  Tree  Pohon
 조각  Slice  Potong
 상자  Box  Kotak
 봉지  Plasic/Paper Bag  Kantong Plastik
 켤레  Pair of Shoes  Pasang Sepatu

  • 여기 소주 두병 주세요 = Please give me 2 bottles of soju.
  • 한시간 기다렸어요 = I waited about 1 hour.
  • 커피 네잔 만들어주세요 = Please make 4 cups of coffee.
  • 다섯시에 만나자 = Let's meet at 5 o'clock.
  • 바나나 두개 먹었어요 = I ate 2 pcs of bananas. 
  • 세번 해봤어요 = I tried 3 times.
  • 나는 서른살이에요 = I am 30 years old.
  • 집에 강아지 여섯마리 있어요 = I have 6 puppies at home.
  • 세가지 방법이 있어요 = There are 3 kinds of way.



[태양의 후예] Past tense, Using ~아/어서 || 걱정 시켜서 미안했습니다 살려줘서 고맙습니다

Watch & Listen to the pronunciation:


태양의 후예 14회 - 걱정 시켜서 미안했습니다 살려줘서 고맙습니다
[Learning purpose video] 걱정 시켜서 미안했습니다 살려줘서 고맙습니다http://www.konglindo.com/2016/04/past-tense.html
Posted by Konglindo on Friday, April 8, 2016



걱정 시켜서 미안했습니다 살려줘서 고맙습니다
geokjeong sikhyeoseo mianhaesseumnida salryeo jwoseo gomabseumnida

~아/어서 = Connect two sentences, a cause and an effect between the two acts or circumstances. Could be interpreted as "so" or "because"
  • 아파 학교 못가요 = Because I am sick, I can't go to school.
  • 도와줘 감사합니다 = Thanks for helping me. (Because you help me, I thank you)
  • 일 너무 바빠전화 못받아요 = I can't pick up my phone because I am too busy.
~았/었습니다 = Past tense (formal language)
  • 부모님께 돈을 주었습니다( or 습니다) : I gave money to my parents
    for root verb with vowel ending 어 and 우 will be followed by 었:
    다 -> 먹었습니다 = ate
    배우다 -> 배우었습니다 -> 배웠습니다 =learned

  • 어제 백화점에 습니다 : I went to department store yesterday
    for root verb with vowel ending 아 and 오 will be followed by 았:
    다 -> 보았습니다 (봤습니다) = saw
    다 -> 잤습니다 = slept

  • 아침에 커피를 마셨습니다 : I drank coffee this morning
    for root verb with vowel ending 이 will be followed by 었 and change to 였. 이 + 었 = 였:
    다니다 -> 다녔습니다 = went and came back (regularly)

Root Verb Meaning
시키다  Make, Order
미안하다 Sorry
살려주다 Save, Rescue
고맙다 Thank you
  • 시키 + 어서 = 시켜서
  • 미안하 + 었습니다 = 미안했습니다
  • 살려주 + 어서 = 살려줘서 
  • 고맙 + 습니다 = 고맙습니다 

Korean English
걱정 Worry



--- Learn KOREAN ALPHABETS here ---

Wednesday, April 6, 2016

Sino-Korean Numbers 일 이 삼

The Korean Language has two regularly numeral systems, a native Korean system and Sino-Korean system.

number 숫자
number 숫자
Sino-Korean system are used for dates, money, measurements, math, addresses, phone numbers, minutes, and numbers above 100.

Number Korean English Indonesia
0 공/영 [gongyeong] Zero Nol
1 일 [il] One Satu
2 이 [i]Two Dua
3 삼 [sam] Three Tiga
4 사 [sa] Four Empat
5 오 [o] Five Lima
6 육 [yuk] Six Enam
7 칠 [chil] Seven Tujuh
8 팔 [phal] Eight Delapan
9 구 [gu] Nine Sembilan
10 십 [sip] Ten Sepuluh
11 십일 [sip-il] Eleven Sebelas
12 십이 [sip-i] Twelve Duabelas
13 십삼 [sip-sam] Thirthteen Tigabelas
20 이십 [i-sip] Twenty Dua puluh
21 이십일 [i-sip-il] Twenty one Dua puluh satu
22 이십이 [i-sip-i] Twenty two Dua puluh dua
30 삼십 [sam-sip] ThirtyTiga puluh
40 사십 [sa-sip] Fourty Empat puluh
50오십 [o-sip] Fifty Lima puluh
60 육십 yuk-sip Sixty Enam puluh
70 칠십 [chil-sip] Seventy Tujuh puluh
80 팔십 [phal-sip] Eighty Delapan puluh
90 구십 [gu-sip] Ninety Sembilan puluh
100 백 [baek] One hundredSeratus
200 이백 [i-baek] Two hundredDua ratus
500 오백 [o-baek] Five hundredLima ratus
900 구백 [gu-baek] Nine hundredSembilan ratus
1,000 천 [cheon] One thousandSeribu
5,000 오천 [o-chon] Five thousandLima ribu
10,000 만 [man] Ten thousandSepuluh ribu
100,000 십만 [sip-man] One hundred thousandSeratus ribu
1,000,000 백만&nbsp[;baek-man] One millionSatu juta
10,000,000 천만 [cheon-man] Ten MillionSepuluh juta
100,000,000 억 [eok] One hundred millionSeratus juta
1,000,000,000 십억 [sip-eok] One billionSatu miliar

  • 이가방은 오만원입니다 =  This bag is W50,000.
  • 오늘은  사월 육일입니다 = Today is April 6th.
  • 여기서 집까지 오킬로미터입니다 = From here to my home is about 5km.

Sino-Korean counting system is based on increments of 10,000.
  • 10,000 = 만 
  • 100,000 = 십 (10|0,000) 십 + 만
  • 1000,000 = 백 (100|0,000) 백 + 만
  • 10,000,000 = 천 (10,00|0,000) 천 + 만


Go to NATIVE KOREAN NUMBERS

Learn KOREAN ALPHABETS to be able to read Korean

Native Korean Numbers 하나 둘 셋

The Korean Language has two regularly numeral systems, a native Korean system and Sino-Korean system.

number 숫자
Number 숫자
Native Korean system are used for ages, hours, counting, counting physical objects/people (usually followed by 개, 명, 사람, 분, 잔, 대, 장).


Number Korean English Indonesia
1 하나 [hana] One Satu
2 둘/두 [dul/du] Two Dua
3 셋/세 [set/se] Three Tiga
4 넷/네 [net/ne] Four Empat
5 다섯 [daseot] Five Lima
6 여섯 [yeoseot] Six Enam
7 일곱 [ilgop]Seven Tujuh
8 여덟 [yeodeol] Eight Delapan
9 아홉 [ahop] Nine Sembilan
10 열 [yeol] Ten Sepuluh
11 열하나 [yeolhana] Evelen Sebelas
12 열둘 [yeoldul] Twelve Duabelas
20 스물 [seumul] Twenty Dua puluh
30 서른 [seoreun] Thirty Tiga puluh
40 마흔 [maheun] Fourty Empat puluh
50 쉰 [swin] Fifty Lima puluh
60 예순 [yesun] Sixty Enam puluh
70 일흔 [ilheun] Seventy Tujuh puluh
80 여든 [yeodeun] Eighty Delapan puluh
90 아흔 [aheun] Ninety Sembilan puluh
100 온 [on] - not used One hundred Seratus
  • 한시간 걸려요 = It takes about 1 hour
  • 사과 2개 주세요 = Please give me 2 apples
  • 집에 차동자가 3대 있습니다 =  There are 3 cars in my house.
  • 제 할머니는 여든아홉살이에요 = My grandmother is 89 years old.
  • 여기서 산지 세달 됐어요 = I've been living here 3 months.
  • 종이 다섯장 주세요 = Please give me 5 sheets of paper.
  • 우리 가족은 네명 이에요 = There are 4 people in my family.
  • 한잔 주세요 = Please give me a cup of water.


Learn KOREAN ALPHABETS to be able to read Korean

Tuesday, April 5, 2016

[런닝맨] Using ~(으)러, ~냐? || 야 설현 만나러 가냐? - Hey, are you going to meet SeolHyeon?

Listen to the pronunciation:

 


야 설현 만나러 가냐?
ya SeolHyeon manareo ganya?

*SeolHyeon is a person's name

~(으)러 = in order to
verb+러
  • 밥 먹으러 나가자 = Let's go out to eat.
  • 친구들 만나 갔어요 = I went to meet friends.
~냐? = [반말] is used for asking to very close friends / friends (same age) / younger people.
  • 밥 먹었냐? same with 밥 먹었어(요)?  = Did you eat?
  • 공부 안했냐? | 공부 안했어(요)? = Didn't you study?
  • 청소 안하냐? | 청소 안해(요)? = Are you not gonna clean it?
  • 어제 런닝맨 봤냐? | 어제 런닝맨 봤어(요)? = Did you watch Running Man yesterday?
*sentences ending with 아/어(요) softer than 냐.

Root Verb English
만나다 Meet
가다 Go
  • 만나 + 러 = 만나러 
  • 가 + 냐 = 가냐?
Korean English
Hey


Learn KOREAN ALPHABETS to be able to read Korean^^

Sunday, April 3, 2016

[태양의 후예] Using ~(으)ㄹ까요 || 사과 할까요? 고백 할까요? - Should I say sorry? or Should I make a confession?

Listen to the pronunciation :



사과 할까요? 고백 할까요?
sagwa halkkayo? gobaek halkkayo?

~(으)ㄹ까요? = Should I/We?
verb + (으)ㄹ까요?

  • 밥 밖에서 먹을까요? = Should we go out for dinner/lunch?
  • 영화 볼까요? = Should we watch a movie?
  • 집에 갈까요? = Should we go home?

Root Verb English
하다 Do
사과하다 Apologize
고백하다 Confess
  • 하 + ㄹ까요 = 할까요
  • 사과하 + ㄹ까요 = 사과할까요?
  • 고백하 + ㄹ까요 = 고백할까요?
Korean English
사과 Apology
고백 Confess(ion)

Learn KOREAN ALPHABETS to be able to read Korean^^

Saturday, April 2, 2016

[마리와나] Using ~자 || 빨리 나가자! 빨리! - Let's get out quickly! Hurry!

Pronunciation:




빨리 나가자! 빨리!
ppalli nagaja! ppalli!

~자 = Let's
verb + 자
  • 밥 먹 = Let's eat
  • 방안에서 놀= Let's play in the room
  • 노래하 = Let's sing a song

Root Verb / Adv Meaning
나가다 Go out
빠르다 fast


  • 나가 + 자 = 나가자


Korean Words Meaning
빨리 Hurry, quickly

가족 - Family Member

Grandfather, Grandmother, Mom, Dad, Brother, Sister, Aunt, Uncle are called Family

가족 (gajok)
Family Tree

If you are a man, you will call your older sister 누나 (noona) and your older brother 형 (hyeong). If you are a woman, you will call your older sister 언니 (Eonni) and your older brother 오빠 (Oppa).

Korean English Indonesian
할아버지 Grandfather Kakek
할머니 Grandmother Nenek
외할아버지  Grandfather (from mom) Kakek (dari ibu)
외할머니 Grandmother (from mom) Nenek (dari ibu)
아버지 / 아빠 Father Ayah
어머니 /  엄마 Mother Ibu
부모님 Parents Orangtua
아들 Son Anak laki-laki
Daugther Anak Perempuan
누나 Older Sister  Kakak Perempuan
언니Older Sister Kakak Perempuan
Older Brother Kakak Laki-laki
오빠 Older BrotherKakak Laki-laki
여동생 Younger Sister Adik Perempuan
남동생 Younger Brother Adik Laki-laki
큰아버지 Uncle (Older than dad) Paman (lbh tua dari ayah)
작은아버지 Uncle (Younger than dad) Paman (lbh muda dari ayah)
고모 Aunt (from dad)Bibi (dari ayah)
외삼춘 Uncle (from mom) Paman (dari ibu)
이모 Aunt (from mom) Bibi (dari ibu)






*To be able to read Korean, please memorize all the Korean alphabets here ^^

Friday, April 1, 2016

Personal Pronoun | Kata Ganti Orang


Personal Pronoun | Kata Ganti Orang
Personal Pronoun | Kata Ganti Orang


Korean English Indonesia
I/Me Aku
저 (formal) I/Me Saya (hormat)
You Kamu
당신 (formal) You Anda
그대 (formal) He/She/You (respectful) Kamu/Dia
우리 We/Us Kita
저희(들) (formal) We/Us Kami (hormat)
너희(들) They Kalian
그녀 (formal) She Dia (perempuan)
그 (formal) He Dia (laki2)


Here's some example how to use them in the sentence:
  • 나/저는 천재입니다 = I am a genius
  • 나/저한테 주세요 = Please give it to me
  • 우리 행복합니다 = We are happy
  • 저희한테 물어봐도 돼요 = You can ask to us.
  • 그대는 너무 아름다워요 = He/She is so beautiful. 
  • 너희 둘 뭐하고 있어요? = What are you two doing?
  • 그녀는 오랜친구에요 = She is an old friend.
  • 는 그회사에서 일해요 = He works at that company.





*To be able to read korean, please memorize all the Korean alphabets here ^^